The Mamluks

In 1260, the mamluks originating from Egypt launched a military operation against the Crusaders and against the last remnants of Ayubbid power in Syria and Palestine. In 1263, the Sultan Baibars ordered his militia to occupy and demolish the Christian places forever: the Basilica of the Annunciation and that of Tabor underwent the same sort of destruction.

During the mamluk period (1291-1517) that effectively begun after the fall of Acco, the last fortress of the Crusade, Nazareth became a depopulated and peripheral village: the adventurous pilgrims that reached it, proved the existence of a small chapel that protected the Grotto of the Annunciation, accessible on payment of a cup to the Muslims. The other Christian places noted by pilgrims at this time were the Source of Mary, next to the church of archangel Saint Gabriel, the church of the Synagogue, looked after by the Greeks and the grotto to Mount Precipice (Ricoldo of Monte Croce, 1294, Iacopo of Verona 1335, 1347, Fra Francesco Suriano, 1485). In the 14th century a small community of Franciscans was established in Nazareth but where soon obliged to leave it.

The story of Nazareth
Ancient Nazareth
The Byzantine Era
The Crusader Period
The Ottoman Age
The last century