The Rosary prayer is one of the most widely diffused devotional practices. Via this practice, followers can meditate on and understand the mysteries of Jesus’ life. This practice assumes the name Rosary or "Crown of Roses" both because the rose is a flower attributed to the Virgin and because the "Crown of roses" symbolically unites the significant moments of the life of Christ and of the Virgin.
The origin of this practice is assigned to the Irish monasteries of the 9th century, but it was diffused in the modern age due to the work of the Dominican friars.
The recognition of the Rosary as a religious prayer is the result of the proclamation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary (1854) by Pope Pius IX. From that moment on this pope and his successors, solicited the use of the Rosary prayer on important occasions for the history of the Church.
Today, the Rosary is like a mystic pilgrimage of the follower towards mysteries (Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious, Luminous), to the contemplation of the figure of Jesus Christ, true God and true Man.
This aspect was a persistent theme in the devotion of Pope John Paul II and was clearly expressed in the encyclical letter "Novo Millennio Ineunte" (2001).
Reciting the Rosary, many Christians have responded to the inner calling to express a contemplative prayer, capable of leading the heart to simple and pure communion with the Lord: «to recite the Rosary is nothing other than to contemplate with Mary the face of Christ»(John Paul II, "Rosarium Virginis Mariae", no. 3).
The Marian cult
The Saturday evening Rosary in Nazareth
Crown of Nazareth